• Quaternary (2.58 Ma)

    Rang
    chronostratigraphische Periode
    Status
    gültiger formeller Begriff
    Alter
    Gélasien - Holozän
    Kurzbeschreibung

     

    Geological period beginning with the Gauss/Matuyama palaeomagnetic reversal and largely influenced by successive glacials in a context of increased global ice volume. In Switzerland one can assume that all of the (peri)glacial deposits belong to the Quaternary.

     

    • Holocene (11.7 ka)

      Name Origin

      holos = fully, entirely , kaïno = recent

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      Kurzbeschreibung

       

      Most recent stratigraphic unit referring to the warm episod that began with the end of the last glacial period.

       

      Age
      Holozän
      • Subatlantic

        Rang
        Klima-/Palynostratigraphie
        Status
        informeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Current climatic/palynological stage of the European Quaternary (approximate age range: from 2800-2450 calBP = 850-500 BC to present).

         

        Age
        Holozän
      • Subboreal

        Rang
        Klima-/Palynostratigraphie
        Status
        informeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Palynological stage of the European Quaternary (approximate age range: 5500-2800 calBP).

         

        Age
        Holozän
      • Atlantic

        Name Origin

        Warm and moist climatic phase originally based on the study of Danish peat bogs.

        Rang
        Klima-/Palynostratigraphie
        Status
        informeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Palynological stage depicting a climatic optimum in Europe, and characterised by the presence of oak, elm, linden and iva (approximate range: 9000-5500 calBP).

         

        Age
        Holozän
      • Boreal

        Name Origin

        Cold climatic phase originally based on the study of Danish peat bogs.

        Rang
        Klima-/Palynostratigraphie
        Status
        informeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Palynological stage of the European Quaternary (approximate age range: 10200-9000 calBP).

         

        Age
        Holozän
      • Preboreal

        Name Origin

        Transitional climatic phase originally based on the study of Danish peat bogs.

        Rang
        Klima-/Palynostratigraphie
        Status
        informeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Palynological stage of the European Quaternary, at the base of the Holocene (approximate age range: 11650-10200 calBP).

         

        Age
        Holozän
    • Pleistocene (2.58 Ma)

      Name Origin

      pleistos = le plus , kaïno = récent

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      Age
      Gélasien
      • Late Pleistocene (126 ka)

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        By definition, the Late Pleistocene corresponds to the last interglacial–glacial cycle (Gondiswil Interglacial and Birrfeld Glacial in Switzerland).

         

        • Younger Dryas

          Name Origin

          Named after the cold-climate wildflower Dryas octopetala Linnaeus.

           

          Rang
          Klima-/Palynostratigraphie
          Status
          informeller Begriff
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Cold floral stage at the end of the Late Pleistocene (12900-11500 BP = 11000-9500 av. J.C.).

           

          Age
          Spätes Pleistozän
        • Allerød

          Name Origin

          Named after the town of Allerød (Denmark).

           

          Rang
          Klima-/Palynostratigraphie
          Status
          informeller Begriff
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Warmer climatic oscillation of the late glacial Pleistocene (11800-11000 BP = 11400-10730 av. J.C.), identified on the basis of pollen analysis.

           

          Age
          Spätes Pleistozän
        • Older Dryas

          Name Origin

          Named after the cold-climate wildflower Dryas octopetala Linnaeus.

          Rang
          Klima-/Palynostratigraphie
          Status
          informeller Begriff
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          (12000-11800 BP = 11590-11400 av. J.C.)

           

          Age
          Spätes Pleistozän
        • Bølling

          Name Origin

          série de tourbes découvertes au lac Bølling, dans le Jutland central

          Rang
          Klima-/Palynostratigraphie
          Status
          informeller Begriff
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Floral stage (13000-12000 BP = 11720-11590 av. J.C.).

           

          Age
          Spätes Pleistozän
        • Oldest Dryas

          Name Origin

          Named after the cold-climate wildflower Dryas octopetala Linnaeus.

          Rang
          Klima-/Palynostratigraphie
          Status
          informeller Begriff
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Ab ca. 18'000-15'000 BP, je nach Autor.

           

          Age
          Spätes Pleistozän
        • Eemian

          Name Origin

          Named after the river Eem in the area of the city of Amersfoort (Netherlands).

           

          Rang
          Chronostratigraphie
          Status
          informeller Begriff
          Nomenclatorial Remarks
          Riss-Würm interglacial (Alps), Ipswichian (United Kingdom), Mikulin interglacial (Russia), Valdivia interglacial (Chile), Sangamonian (North America)
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Initial palynostratigraphic subdivision of the Late Pleistocene («Tarantian») of NW Europe, roughly corresponding to MIS-5e and to the Riss-Würm Interglacial.

           

          Age
          Spätes Pleistozän
      • Middle Pleistocene (781 ka)

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        In Switzerland the age of the Hochterrasse deposits roughly coincides with the Middle Pleistocene.

         

        • Saalian

          Name Origin

          Named after the river Saale (Deutschland).

           

          Rang
          Chronostratigraphie
          Status
          informeller Begriff
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Terminal substage of the Middle Pleistocene of NW Europe, between Holsteinian and Eemian, characterised by cold climate (culminating in the Alpine region with the Riss glaciation).

           

          Age
          Mittleres Pleistozän
        • Holsteinian

          Name Origin

          Named after the Holstein region (N Germany).

           

          Rang
          Chronostratigraphie
          Status
          informeller Begriff
          Nomenclatorial Remarks
          Hoxnian (United Kingdom), Likhvinian (Russia)
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Palynostratigraphic subdivision of the Middle Pleistocene (Ionian) of NW Europe, corresponding to MIS-11 and to the Mindel-Riss Interglacial.

           

          Age
          Mittleres Pleistozän
        • Elsterian

          Name Origin

          Named after the river Weisse Elster (E Germany), a tributary of the river Saale.

           

          Rang
          Chronostratigraphie
          Status
          informeller Begriff
          Nomenclatorial Remarks
          Anglian (United Kingdom), Okian (Russia)
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Substage of the Middle Pleistocene of NW Europe, corresponding to MIS-12 and characterised by a cold climate (culminating in the Alpine region with the Mindel glaciation).

           

          Age
          Mittleres Pleistozän
        • Cromerian

          Name Origin

          Named after the East Anglian town of Cromer (UK).

           

          Rang
          Chronostratigraphie
          Status
          informeller Begriff
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Initial palynostratigraphic subdivision of the Middle Pleistocene («Ionian») of NW Europe, encompassing several glacial/interglacial cycles under a relatively mild climate (Günz-Mindel Interglacial).

           

          Age
          Mittleres Pleistozän
      • Early Pleistocene (2.58 Ma)

        Rang
        Chronostratigraphie
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Geological subepoch characterised by a predominantly reversed polarised paleomagnetic field (Matuyama) and the onset of large glacial fluctuations.

         

        Age
        Gélasien
        • Calabrian (1.80 Ma)

          Name Origin

          Named after the Calabria region (Italy).

           

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Stufe
          Status
          gültiger formeller Begriff
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Second substage of the Early Pleistocene.

           

          Age
          Frühes Pleistozän
          • Sicilian

            Name Origin

            Named after Sicilia (Italia).

             

            Rang
            chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
            Status
            gültig
            Kurzbeschreibung

             

            Regional substage (= late Calabrian, Early Pleistocene) in Italy.

             

            Age
            Calabrien
          • Emilian

            Name Origin

            Named after the Emilia region (Italia).

             

            Rang
            chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
            Status
            gültig
            Kurzbeschreibung

             

            Regional substage (= middle Calabrian, Early Pleistocene) in Italy.

             

            Age
            Calabrien
          • Santernian

            Rang
            chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
            Status
            gültig
            Kurzbeschreibung

             

            Regional substage (= early Calabrian, Early Pleistocene) in Italy.

             

            Age
            Calabrien
        • Gelasian (2.58 Ma)

          Name Origin

          Named after the town of Gela (Italia), Sicilia.

           

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Stufe
          Status
          gültiger formeller Begriff
          Age
          Frühes Pleistozän
  • Neogene (~ 23 Ma)

    Herkunft des Namens

    neos = new , genos = birth

    Rang
    chronostratigraphische Periode
    Status
    gültiger formeller Begriff
    Alter
    Aquitanien - Plaisancien (Piacenzien)
    Kurzbeschreibung

     

    Formal name for the «late Tertiary» period (Miocene and Pliocene).

     

    • Pliocene (~5.3 Ma)

      Name Origin

      plios = plus , kaïno = récent

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      Age
      Zancléen
      • Piacenzian (~3.6 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the village of Piacenzia (Italia).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        spätes Pliozän
      • Zanclean (~5 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Derived from Zancla, the pre-Roman name for the town of Messina in Sicily (Italy).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        First stage of the Pliocene.

         

        Age
        Pliozän
    • Miocene (~23 Ma)

      Name Origin

      meios = less, kaïno = recent

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      Age
      Aquitanien
      • Messinian (~7 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the town of Messina (Italia), Sicilia.

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Last stage of the Miocene.

         

        Age
        spätes Miozän
      • Tortonian (~11.6 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the city of Tortona (Italia), Piemonte.

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Stage of the Late Miocene.

         

        Age
        spätes Miozän
      • Serravallian (~13.8 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the town of Serravalle Scrivia (Italia), Piemonte.

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Stage of the Middle Miocene.

         

        Age
        mittleres Miozän
      • Langhian (~16.0 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Langhe area north of Ceva (Italy).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Nomenclatorial Remarks
        le Langhe (plural)
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Stage of the Middle Miocene.

         

        Age
        mittleres Miozän
        • Nördlinger-Ries-Impakt

          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Meteorischer Impakt im Grenzgebiet zwischen Schwäbischer Alb und Fränkischer Alb, der durch Coesit-führende Impaktite (insb. Suevit = Schwabenstein) und Tektite (sog. Moldavit) bewiesen wurde.

           

          Age
          Langhien
      • Burdigalian (~20.4 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the town of Bordeaux = Burdigala (Gironde, France).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Nomenclatorial Remarks
        Latin: Burdigalia
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Second stage of the Miocene.

         

        Age
        frühes Miozän
      • Aquitanian (~23 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Aquitaine region (France).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        First stage of the Miocene Series, and hence base of the Neogene System.

         

        Age
        frühes Miozän
  • Palaeogene (~ 66 Ma)

    Herkunft des Namens

    palaeos = ancient , genos = birth

    Rang
    chronostratigraphische Periode
    Status
    gültiger formeller Begriff
    Alter
    Danien - spätes Oligozän
    Kurzbeschreibung

     

    Formal name for the «early Tertiary» period (Paleocene, Eocene and Oligocene).

     

    • Oligocene (~34 Ma)

      Name Origin

      oligos = peu , kaïno = récent

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      Age
      Rupélien
      • Chattian (~28 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Chatti tribe (Deutschland).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Oligozän
      • Rupelian (~34 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Rupel river (Belgium).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        First stage of the Oligocene. Its definition was originally based on the Rupel Group.

         

        Age
        frühes Oligozän
    • Eocene (~56 Ma)

      Name Origin

      eos = aurore, début , kaïno = récent

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      Age
      Yprésien
      • Priabonian (~38 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the village of Priabona (Italia), Vicenza.

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Nomenclatorial Remarks
        Parastratotypes à Ghenderle, Brendola, Mossano et Possagno (Cita 1969) ; calcaires marneux à Echinides de Priabona (Boussac 1909a)
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Last stage of the Eocene. Definition originally based on the «assises de la Granella», «groupe des couches à Orbitoides de Priabona» and «marnes de Brendola».

         

        Age
        spätes Eozän
      • Bartonian (~41 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the village of Barton-on-Sea (Hampshire, UK).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Second stage of the Middle Eocene. Its definition was originally based both on the Barton Beds (Hampshire) and the Sables d'Auvers-Beauchamp (Paris Basin).

         

        Age
        mittleres Eozän
        • Marinesian

          Name Origin

          Named after the village of Marines (Val-d'Oise, France)

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Second substage of the Bartonian in the Paris Basin. Original definition based on the «Sables de Marines». It corresponds to the Late Bartonian of the International Time Scale.

           

          Age
          Bartonien
        • Auversian

          Name Origin

          Named after the town of Auvers-sur-Oise (Val d'Oise, France) ; le stratotype des sablières du Bois-le-Roi est en cours d'aménagement.

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
          Gültiger Begriff
          Bartonian
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          First substage of the Bartonian in the Paris Basin. It corresponds to the Early Bartonian of the International Time Scale.

           

          Age
          frühes Bartonien
      • Lutetian (~48 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the town of Paris = Lutetia (France).

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Second stage of the Eocene.

         

        Age
        mittleres Eozän
      • Ypresian (~56 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the village of Ypres = Ieper(Belgium).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        First stage of the Eocene.

         

        Age
        frühes Eozän
        • Cuisian

          Name Origin

          Named after the village of Cuise-la-Motte (Oise, France).

           

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Last, informal substage of the Ypresian.

           

          Age
          spätes Yprésien
        • Sparnacian

          Name Origin

          Named after the town of Épernay = Sparnacum (Marne, France).

           

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Early Ypresian of the Paris Basin.

           

          Age
          frühes Eozän
    • Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM)

      Rang
      Klima-/Palynostratigraphie
      Status
      informeller Begriff
      Kurzbeschreibung

       

      Global thermal maximum marked by a strong negative anomaly in δ13C values at the Paleocene-Eocene boundary.

       

    • Paleocene (~66 Ma)

      Name Origin

      palaeos = ancient , eos = dawn, kaïno = recent (i.e. Palaeo-Eocene, see Pulvertaft 1999)

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      • Thanetian (~59 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Isle of Thanet (Kent, UK).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Last stage of the Paleocene.

         

        Age
        spätes Paläozän
      • Selandian (~62 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Zealand island (Denmark).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        mittleres Paläozän
      • Danian (~ 66 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Latin name for Denmark.

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        First stage of the Paleocene (and hence of the Cenozoic as well).

         

        Age
        frühes Paläozän
  • Cretaceous (~ 145 Ma)

    Herkunft des Namens

    Named derived from the characteristic chalk deposits (Latin: creta = craie, Kreide) of the Paris-London Basin.

     

    Rang
    chronostratigraphische Periode
    Status
    gültiger formeller Begriff
    Alter
    Berriasien - Maastrichtien
    • Late Cretaceous (~ 100 Ma)

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      Age
      Cénomanien
      • Maastrichtian (~ 71 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the town of Maastricht (Netherlands).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Last stage of the Cretaceous (and hence of the Mesozoic as well).

         

        Age
        Maastrichtien
      • Campanian (~ 84 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Champagne de Saintonge (Charentes, France), near Cognac.

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Campanien
      • Santonian (~ 86 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the former province of Saintonge (Charentes, France).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Santonien
      • Coniacian (~ 89 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the town of Cognac (Charente-Maritime, France), where the historical stratotype lies.

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Initially defined as the basal stage of the «Craie supérieure» (chalk ; cf. Cretaceous).

         

        Age
        Coniacien
      • Turonian (~ 94 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after Turonia, the Latine name for Tours (France), Indre-et-Loire.

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Turonien
      • Bonarelli level (OAE-2)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Italian geologist Guido Bonarelli (1871-1951).

        Rang
        OAE
        Status
        gültig
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Oceanic anoxic event at the Cenomanian/Turonian boundary (around 93 Ma ago) with a major impact on the chemistry of the oceans worldwide. This event correlates with a marine extinction event.

         

        Age
        Spätes Cénomanien
      • Cenomanian (~ 100 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named atfer Cenomanum, the Latine name for Le Mans (France), Sarthe.

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        First stage of the Late Cretaceous.

         

        Age
        Cénomanien
    • Early Cretaceous (~ 145 Ma)

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      Age
      Berriasien
      • Albian (~ 112 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Aube region (France).

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Nomenclatorial Remarks
        <p>Latin: Alba</p>
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Last stage of the Early Cretaceous.

         

        Age
        Albien
        • Vraconnien

          Name Origin

          La Vraconnaz = La Vraconne (VD), Saint-Croix

          Rang
          Chronostratigraphie
          Status
          obsoleter Begriff (nicht mehr verwendet)
          Nomenclatorial Remarks
          Vraconnin (Mayer-Eymar 1885) = Albien moyen à tardif >< Rhotomagin = Vraconnien !
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Local chronostratigraphic subdivision corresponding to the late Albian (and earliest Cenomanian).

           

          Age
          Spätestes Albien
        • Oceanic Anoxic Event (OAE 1d)

          Rang
          OAE
          Status
          gültig
          Age
          Spätestes Albien
        • Oceanic Anoxic Event (OAE 1c)

          Rang
          Chemostratigraphie
          Status
          gültig
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Oceanic anoxic event of the Late Albian.

           

          Age
          Mittleres Albien
      • Paquier Oceanic Anoxic Event (OAE 1b)

        Rang
        OAE
        Status
        gültig
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Oceanic anoxic event of the Early Albian.

         

        Age
        Spätestes Aptien
      • Aptian (~ 125 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the town of Apt (Vaucluse, France).

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Stage of the Early Cretaceous.

         

        Age
        Aptien
        • Clansayésien

          Name Origin

          Named after the village of Clansayes (Drôme, France).

           

          Rang
          Chronostratigraphie
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Local chronostratigraphic substage corresponding to the Late Aptian.

           

          Age
          Spätes Aptien
        • Gargasian

          Name Origin

          Named after the village of Gargas (Vaucluse, France).

           

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Local chronostratigraphic subdivision corresponding to the latest Early Aptian and to the Middle Aptian.

           

          Age
          Frühes Aptien
        • Bedoulian

          Name Origin

          Named after the village of La Bédoule (Bouches-du-Rhône, France), near Cassis.

           

          Rang
          Chronostratigraphie
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
          Gültiger Begriff
          Aptian
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Local chronostratigraphic subdivision designating the Early Aptian. The Bedoulian, based on pelagic deposits (Marno-calcaires de la Bedoule), is approximately equivalent to the Rhodanian, which is based on littoral deposits.

           

          Age
          Frühes Aptien
        • Selli level (OAE 1a)

          Name Origin

          Named after the Italian geologist Raimondo Selli (1916-1983).

          Rang
          OAE
          Status
          gültig
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Oceanic anoxic event at the base of the Aptian (around 120 Ma ago) with a major impact on the chemistry of the oceans worldwide.

           

          Age
          Frühes Aptien
      • Barremian (~ 130 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the village of Barrême (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, France).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        ... based on the Marno-calcaires de Barrême.

         

        Age
        Barrémien
      • Hauterivian (~ 134 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the village of Hauterive (NE), NE Neuchâtel.

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Hauterivien
        • Faraoni Oceanic Anoxic Event

          Rang
          OAE
          Status
          gültig
          Age
          Spätestes Hauterivien
      • Valanginian (~ 140 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the village of Valangin (NE), at the upper end of the Gorges du Seyon (see also inventory of Swiss geotopes n°245).

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Nomenclatorial Remarks
        <p>Valendis = ancien nom allemand de Valangin</p>
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Second stage of the Early Cretaceous.

         

        Age
        Valanginien
        • Weissert Oceanic Anoxic Event

          Rang
          OAE
          Status
          gültig
          Age
          Spätes Valanginien
      • Berriasian (~ 145 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the village of Berrias (Ardèche, France).

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Nomenclatorial Remarks
        <p>The Berriasella jacobi Zone was previously&nbsp;placed at the end of the Tithonian.</p>
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        First stage of the Cretaceous.

         

        Age
        Berriasien
  • Jurassic (~ 200 Ma)

    Herkunft des Namens

    Named after the Jura Mountains (France, Switzerland).

     

    Rang
    chronostratigraphische Periode
    Status
    gültiger formeller Begriff
    Alter
    Hettangien - Tithonien
    • Late Jurassic (~ 161 Ma)

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      Age
      Oxfordien
      • Tithonian (~ 150 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named derived from the Greek mythology: Tithon was the son of Laomedon of Troy, who fell in love with Eos, Greek goddess of the dawn (thus prefiguring the Cretaceous system).

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Nomenclatorial Remarks
        <p>The Berriasella jacobi Zone, previously&nbsp;placed at the end of the Tithonian, is now considered as defining the start&nbsp;of the Berriasian.</p>
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Last stage of the Jurassic.

         

        Age
        Tithonien
      • Kimmeridgian (~ 155 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the town of Kimmeridge on the Dorset coast (UK). The Kimmeridge Clay Formation is the main oil source rock in the North Sea petroleum province.

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Kimméridgien
      • Oxfordian (~ 161 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the city of Oxford (UK).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        First stage of the Late Jurassic.

         

        Age
        Oxfordien
    • Middle Jurassic (~ 175 Ma)

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      Age
      Aalénien
      • Callovian (~ 165 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named derived from the old spelling of Kellaways Bridge (UK), Wiltshire, 2 miles NE Chippenham.

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Last stage of the Middle Jurassic.

         

        Age
        Callovien
      • Bathonian (~ 168 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the town of Bath (Somerset, UK), near Bristol. The city itself is largely built of Bath Stone, a bright white oolithic limestone that is quarried nearby.

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Third stage of the Middle Jurassic.

         

        Age
        Bathonien
      • Bajocian (~ 172 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the town of Bayeux (Calvados, France) in Normandy.

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Nomenclatorial Remarks
        <p>Latin: Bajocium</p>
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Second stage of the Middle Jurassic.

         

        Age
        Bajocien
        • Gaetani Oceanic Anoxic Event

          Name Origin

          Named in recognition of Maurizio Gaetani's work on Jurassic sedimentary successions of the Lombardy Basin.

          Rang
          OAE
          Status
          informeller Begriff
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Black shale interval locally developped at the transition betwenn the Rosso Ammonitico Lombardo and the Radiolarite Group.

           

          Age
          frühes Bajocien
      • Aalenian (~ 175 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the town of Aalen (Germany), Baden-Württemberg

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        First stage of the Middle Jurassic.

         

        Age
        Aalénien
    • Early Jurassic (~ 200 Ma)

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      Age
      Hettangien
      • Toarcian (~ 183 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the town of Thouars (Deux-Sèvres, France), S Saumur. The protected stratotype lies in an old quarry.

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Nomenclatorial Remarks
        Latin: Toarcium
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        The Pliensbachian/Toarcian boundary is marked by a major faunal turnover and regional stratigraphic gaps, followed by a global Oceanic Anoxic Event (OAE) recorded as black shales (such as the well-known «Posidonienschiefer» of Southern Germany, equivalent to the French «schistes-carton»).

         

        Age
        Toarcien
        • Late Toarcian

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          gültiger formeller Begriff
          Age
          spätes Toarcien
        • Middle Toarcian

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          gültiger formeller Begriff
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          The Middle Toarcian is defined biostratigraphically by the ammonite genera Hildoceras and Haugia.

           

          Age
          mittleres Toarcien
        • Early Toarcian

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          gültiger formeller Begriff
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          The Early Toarcian is characterized almost worldwide by black shales (among which the well-known «Posidonienschiefer» of Southern Germany, and the French «schistes-carton») with an ammonite fauna composed mainly of dactylioceratids, harpoceratids and early hildoceratids.

           

          Age
          frühes Toarcien
          • Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event

            Rang
            OAE
            Status
            informeller Begriff
            Kurzbeschreibung

             

            Major oceanic anoxic event of the Early Toarcian (around 183 Ma ago), documented by black shale deposits found on all major continents (no oceanic drilling cores have recovered black shales of this age as there is little or no Toarcian ocean crust remaining in the world ocean). This event correlates with a marine extinction event.

             

      • Pliensbachian (~ 190 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the village of Pliensbach (Baden-Württemberg, S Germany), 30 km E Stuttgart.

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Pliensbachien
        • Domerian

          Name Origin

          Named after Monte Domaro (Italia), Val Trompia / Lombardia.

           

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          informeller Begriff
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Informal substage corresponding to the late Pliensbachian.

           

          Age
          spätes Pliensbachien (= Domérien)
        • Carixian

          Name Origin

          Named after Charmouth (Dorset, UK).

           

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          informeller Begriff
          Nomenclatorial Remarks
          Latin: Carixium
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          First, informal substage of the Pliensbachian.

           

          Age
          frühes Pliensbachien (= Carixien)
      • Sinemurian (~ 196 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the town of Sémur-en-Auxois (Côte-d'Or, France).

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Nomenclatorial Remarks
        <p>Latin: Sinemurium</p>
        Age
        Sinémurien
        • Lotharingian

          Name Origin

          Named after the Lorraine region (Lotharingium = carolingian province), NE France.

           

          Rang
          Chronostratigraphie
          Status
          obsoleter Begriff (nicht mehr verwendet)
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Former chronostratigraphic subdivision corresponding to the Late Sinemurian substage.

           

          Age
          spätes Sinémurien
      • Hettangian (~ 200 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the town of Hettange (Moselle, N France), just south of the border with Luxembourg,

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        First stage of the Jurassic.

         

        Age
        Hettangien
  • Triassic (~ 252 Ma)

    Herkunft des Namens

    Name derived from the classical three-fold subdivision in the germanic facies realm.

    Rang
    chronostratigraphische Periode
    Status
    gültiger formeller Begriff
    Kurzbeschreibung

     

    Tectonically rather quiet period inbetween the Variscan and Alpine orogenic cycles. The first deposits are transgressive on a vast peneplain.

     

    Nomenklatorische Bemerkungen
    die Trias (DE), le Trias (FR)
    • Late Triassic (~ 229 Ma)

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      Age
      Carnien
      • Rhaetian (~ 204 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Rhaetian Alps (Switzerland, Austria and Italy)

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Rhät
      • Norian (~ 217 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Noric Alps / Noricum (Latin): ancient Roman province south of the Danube River in present-day Austria.

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Norien
        • Sevatian

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Local substage corresponding to the Late Norian (Late Triassic).

           

          Age
          Norien
        • Alaunian

          Name Origin

          Named after the Hallaun people in Hollein (Tyrol, Austria).

           

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Local substage corresponding to the Middle Norian (Late Triassic).

           

          Age
          Norien
        • Lacian

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Local substage corresponding to the Early Norian (Late Triassic).

           

          Age
          Norien
      • Carnian (~ 229 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named atfer the Carnic Alps zwischen Austria and Italy (East Tyrol, Carinthia, Friuli and Veneto).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Carnien
        • Tuvalian

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
          Age
          Spätes Carnien
        • Julian

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
          Age
          Mittleres Carnien
    • Middle Triassic (~ 246 Ma)

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      Age
      Anisien
      • Ladinian (~ 237 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Ladini people of the Dolomites, N Italy.

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Ladinien
        • Longobardian

          Name Origin

          Name derived fromthe term Longobardi, designating the territories controlled by the Lombards in Italy.

           

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Last, informal substage of the Ladinian.

           

          Age
          Spätes Ladinien
        • Fassanian

          Name Origin

          Named after the Val di Fassa (Italia).

           

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          First, informal substage of the Ladinian. Originally based on the Buchenstein Beds, it corresponds to a major transgressive interval.

           

          Age
          Frühes Ladinien
      • Anisian (~ 246 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Enns (= Anisus) River at Grossreifling (Austrian Alps).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Nomenclatorial Remarks
        Virglorien supérieur
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        First stage of the Middle Triassic.

         

        Age
        Anisien
        • Illyrian

          Name Origin

          Named after the antique region Illyria (western part of the Balkan Peninsula).

           

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Last substage of the Anisian (Middle Triassic).

           

          Age
          Spätes Anisien
        • Pelsonian

          Name Origin

          Named after Lake Pelso = Lake Balaton (Transdanubian region, Hungary.

           

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Third substage of the Anisian.

           

          Age
          Anisien
        • Bithynian

          Name Origin

          Named after the Roman province Bithynia (NW Turkey).

           

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          Second substage of the Anisian (Middle Triassic).

           

          Age
          Anisien
        • Aegean

          Name Origin

          Named after the Aegean Sea (Greece).

           

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
          Nomenclatorial Remarks
          Ägäissches Meer = mer Égée
          Kurzbeschreibung

           

          First substage of the Anisian (Middle Triassic).

           

          Age
          Frühes Anisien
    • Early Triassic (~ 252 Ma)

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      Age
      Induen
      • Olenekian (~ 249 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Olenek = Olenyok River, N Siberian Russia

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        In Europe the Olenekian is the time when the deposition of a large part of the Buntsandstein occured .

         

        Age
        Olénékien
        • Spathian

          Name Origin

          Leonard Frank Spath (1882-1957), British geologist and paleontologist.

           

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
        • Smithian

          Name Origin

          James Perrin Smith (1864-1931), US geologist and paleontologist.

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
      • Induan (~ 252 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Indus River in the Salt Range of Pakistan.

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Induen
        • Dienerian

          Name Origin

          Karl Diener (1862-1928), Austrian geologist, paleontologist and alpinist.

           

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
        • Griesbachian

          Name Origin

          Griesbach

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Sub-Stufe
          Status
          lokaler Begriff (informell)
  • Permian (298.90 +/-0.15 Ma)

    Herkunft des Namens

    Named after the former Perm Governorate (Russia).

     

    Rang
    chronostratigraphische Periode
    Status
    gültiger formeller Begriff
    • Lopingian (~260 Ma)

      Name Origin

      Named after the town of Leping = Loping (Jiangxi Province, China).

       

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      Age
      Wuchiapingien
      • Changhsingian (~254 Ma)

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Changhsingien
      • Wuchiapingian (~260 Ma)

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Wuchiapingien
    • Guadalupian (~272 Ma)

      Name Origin

      Named after the Guadalupe Mountains (Texas, USA).

       

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      Age
      Roadien
      • Capitanian (~265 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Capitan Reef in the Guadalupe Mountains (Texas, USA).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Capitanien
      • Wordian (~269 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Word Formation (Word Ranch, Glass Mountains) of the North American Permian Basin.

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Wordien
      • Roadian (~272 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Road Canyon Member of the Word Formation (Texas, USA).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Roadien
    • Cisuralian (~299 Ma)

      Name Origin

      Named after the Cisural Mountains (western, European part of the Ural Mountains).

       

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      Age
      Assélien
      • Kungurian (~284 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the town of Kungur (Russia), near Perm.

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Kungurien
      • Artinskian (~290 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the town of Artinsk = Arti (Russia), S Perm.

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Stage of the Early Permian.

         

        Age
        Artinskien
      • Sakmarian (~295 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Sakmara River (Russia).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Sakmarien
      • Asselian (~299 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Assel River, southern Ural Mountains (Kazakhstan / Bashkortostan).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        First stage of the Cisuralian and hence base of the Permian.

         

        Age
        Assélien
  • Carboniferous (358.9 +/-0.4 Ma)

    Rang
    chronostratigraphische Periode
    Status
    gültiger formeller Begriff
    • Pennsylvanian (~323 Ma)

      Name Origin

      Named after the Pennsylvania state (USA).

       

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      Kurzbeschreibung

       

      Late Carboniferous epoch.

       

      Age
      Bashkirien
      • Late Pennsylvanian (~307 Ma)

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Sub-Epoche
        Status
        gültig
        • Gzhelian (~304 Ma)

          Name Origin

          Named after the village of Gzhel = Gjel (Russia), 50 km SE Moscow.

           

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Stufe
          Status
          gültiger formeller Begriff
        • Kasimovian (~307 Ma)

          Name Origin

          Named after the town of Kasimov (Russia).

           

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Stufe
          Status
          gültiger formeller Begriff
      • Middle Pennsylvanian (~315 Ma)

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Sub-Epoche
        Status
        gültig
        • Moscovian (~315 Ma)

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Stufe
          Status
          gültiger formeller Begriff
      • Early Pennsylvanian (~323 Ma)

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Sub-Epoche
        Status
        gültig
        • Bashkirian (~323 Ma)

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Stufe
          Status
          gültiger formeller Begriff
    • Mississippian (~359 Ma)

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültiger formeller Begriff
      • Late Mississippian (~331 Ma)

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Sub-Epoche
        Status
        gültig
        • Serpukhovian (~331 Ma)

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Stufe
          Status
          gültiger formeller Begriff
      • Middle Mississippian (~347 Ma)

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Sub-Epoche
        Status
        gültig
        • Visean (~347 Ma)

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Stufe
          Status
          gültiger formeller Begriff
      • Early Mississippian (~359 Ma)

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Sub-Epoche
        Status
        gültig
        • Tournaisian (~359 Ma)

          Name Origin

          Named after the town of Tournay

           

          Rang
          chronostratigraphische Stufe
          Status
          gültiger formeller Begriff
  • Devonian (419.2 +/-3.2 Ma)

    Rang
    chronostratigraphische Periode
    Status
    gültiger formeller Begriff
    • Late Devonien (382.7 +/-1.6 Ma)

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      informeller Begriff
      Age
      Frasnien
      • Famennian (372.2 +/-1.6 Ma)

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültig
        Age
        Spätes Devon
      • Frasnian (382.7 +/-1.6 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the town of Frasne (France), near Tournay.

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültig
        Age
        Spätes Devon
    • Middle Devonian (393.3 +/-1.2 Ma)

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültig
      • Givetian (387.7 +/-0.8 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the town of Givet (Ardennes, France).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Second stage of the Middle Devonian, originally defined based on the Givet Limestone.

         

        Age
        Mittleres Devon
      • Eifelian (393.3 +/-1.2 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Eifel region (Prusse rhénane)

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültig
        Age
        Mittleres Devon
    • Early Devonian (419.2 +/-3.2 Ma)

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      informeller Begriff
      Age
      Lochkovien
      • Emsian (407.6 +/-2.6 Ma)

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültig
        Age
        Frühes Devon
      • Pragian (410.8 +/-2.8 Ma)

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültig
        Age
        Frühes Devon
      • Lochkovian (419.2 +/-3.2 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the town of Lochkhow (Bohemia).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültig
        Age
        Frühes Devon
  • Silurian (443.8 +/-1.5 Ma)

    Rang
    chronostratigraphische Periode
    Status
    gültiger formeller Begriff
    • Pridoli (423.0 +/-2.3 Ma)

      Rang
      Chronostratigraphie
      Status
      informeller Begriff
      Age
      Silur
    • Ludlow (427.4 +/-0.5 Ma)

      Rang
      Chronostratigraphie
      Status
      informeller Begriff
      Age
      Silur
    • Wenlock (433.4 +/-0.8 Ma)

      Rang
      Chronostratigraphie
      Status
      informeller Begriff
      Age
      Silur
    • Llandovery (443.8 +/-1.5 Ma)

      Rang
      Chronostratigraphie
      Status
      informeller Begriff
      Age
      Silur
      • Telychian

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültig
        Age
        Silur
      • Aeronian (~439 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Cemcoed-Aeron Farm near Llandovery, Powys (Wales, UK)

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Second stage of the Llandovery Series (Early Silurian).

         

        Age
        Silur
      • Rhuddanian

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültig
        Age
        Silur
  • Ordovician (485.4 +/-1.9 Ma)

    Rang
    chronostratigraphische Periode
    Status
    gültiger formeller Begriff
    • Late Ordovician

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      informeller Begriff
      • Hirnantian

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültig
        Age
        Spätes Ordovizium
      • Katian

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültig
        Age
        Spätes Ordovizium
      • Sandbian

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültig
        Age
        Spätes Ordovizium
    • Middle Ordovician

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      informeller Begriff
      • Darriwilian

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültig
        Age
        Mittleres Ordovizium
      • Dapingian

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültig
        Age
        Mittleres Ordovizium
    • Early Ordovician

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      informeller Begriff
      • Floian (~478 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Flo Parish, village in Västergötland, southern Sweden

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültiger formeller Begriff
        Age
        Frühes Ordovizium
      • Tremadocian

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültig
        Age
        Frühes Ordovizium
  • Cambrian (541.0 +/-1.0 Ma)

    Herkunft des Namens

    Derived from the Latinised form of the Welsh name Cymru (Wales).

     

    Rang
    chronostratigraphische Periode
    Status
    gültiger formeller Begriff
    Alter
    Kambrium
    Kurzbeschreibung

     

    First system (and hence base) of the Paleozoic.

     

    Nomenklatorische Bemerkungen
    From the Old Welsh combrog = compatriot. According to Geoffrey of Monmouth in the first part of his pseudohistory Historia Regum Britanniae, the Trojan Brutus had three sons among whom (having subdued Gogmagog) he divided his lands after landing in Britain. His elder son, Locrinus, received the land between the rivers Humber and Severn, which he called Loegria (a Latinization of the Welsh name Lloegr, "England"). His second son, Albanactus, got the lands beyond the Humber, which took from him the name of Albany (Yr Alban in Welsh: Scotland). The younger son, Camber, was bequeathed everything beyond the Severn, which was called after him "Cambria".
    • Furongian

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültig
      Age
      Spätes Kambrium
      • [Stage 10]

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        unbekannter Status
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Last stage of the Cambrian (late Furongian).

         

        Age
        Spätes Kambrium
      • Jiangshanian

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültig
        Age
        Spätes Kambrium
      • Paibian

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültig
        Age
        Spätes Kambrium
    • Miaolingian

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      unbekannter Status
      Age
      Kambrium
    • [Series 2]

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      unbekannter Status
      Age
      Kambrium
      • [Stage 4]

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        unbekannter Status
        Age
        Kambrium
      • [Stage 3]

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        unbekannter Status
        Age
        Kambrium
    • Terreneuvian

      Rang
      chronostratigraphische Epoche
      Status
      gültig
      Age
      Frühes Kambrium
      • [Stage 2]

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        unbekannter Status
        Age
        Frühes Kambrium
      • Fortunian

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Stufe
        Status
        gültig
        Age
        Frühes Kambrium
  • Proterozoic (2500 Ma)

    Rang
    chronostratigraphischer Äon
    Status
    gültiger formeller Begriff
    Alter
    Proterozoikum
    Kurzbeschreibung

     

    ... banded iron stones (2800-1800 Ma), tillites (2600-2100, 850 and 600 Ma) ...

     

    • Neoproterozoic (1000 Ma)

      Rang
      Chronostratigraphie
      Status
      gültig
      Kurzbeschreibung

       

      Last era of the Proterozoic.

       

      Age
      Proterozoikum
      • Ediacaran (~ 635 Ma)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Ediacara Hills (South Australia).

         

        Rang
        chronostratigraphische Periode
        Status
        gültig
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Last period of the Neoproterozoic (ca. 635-541 Ma), with a peculiar soft-bodied fauna.

         

        Age
        Neoproterozoic (= Late Proterozoic)
      • Cryogenian (~ 720 Ma)

        Name Origin

        From krýos and génesis (Greek), meaning "cold" resp. "birth".

         

        Rang
        Chronostratigraphie
        Status
        gültig
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Middle period of the Neoproterozoic, characterised by cold climatic conditions («Snowball Earth» ; Sturtian and Marinoan glaciations). Its base has been defined chronometrically.

         

        Age
        Neoproterozoic (= Late Proterozoic)
      • Tonian (1000 Ma)

        Name Origin

        From tóno (Greek), meaning "stretch".

         

        Rang
        Chronostratigraphie
        Status
        gültig
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        First period of the Neoproterozoic. Its base has been defined chronometrically.

         

        Age
        Neoproterozoic (= Late Proterozoic)
    • Mesoproterozoic (1600 Ma)

      Rang
      Chronostratigraphie
      Status
      gültig
      Age
      Proterozoikum
      • Stenian (1200 Ma)

        Name Origin

        From stenós (Greek), meaning "narrow".

         

        Rang
        Chronostratigraphie
        Status
        gültig
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Last period of the Mesoproterozoic, during which the supercontinent Rodinia assembled. Its base has been defined chronometrically.

         

        Age
        Mesoproterozoic (= Middle Proterozoic)
      • Ectasian (1400 Ma)

        Name Origin

        From éktasis (Greek), meaning "extension".

         

        Rang
        Chronostratigraphie
        Status
        gültig
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Second period of the Mesoproterozoic. Its base has been defined chronometrically.

         

        Age
        Mesoproterozoic (= Middle Proterozoic)
      • Calymmian (1600 Ma)

        Name Origin

        From kálymma (Greek), meaning "cover".

        Rang
        Chronostratigraphie
        Status
        gültig
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        First period of the Mesoproterozoic. Its base has been defined chronometrically.

         

        Age
        Mesoproterozoic (= Middle Proterozoic)
    • Paleoproterozoic (2500 Ma)

      Rang
      Chronostratigraphie
      Status
      gültig
      Age
      Proterozoikum
      • Statherian (1800 Ma)

        Name Origin

        From statherós (Greek), meaning "stable, firm".

         

        Rang
        Chronostratigraphie
        Status
        gültig
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Last period of the Paleoproterozoic. Its base has been defined chronometrically.

         

        Age
        Paleoproterozoic (= Early Proterozoic)
      • Orosirian (2050 Ma)

        Name Origin

        From oroseirá (Greek), meaning "mountain range".

        Rang
        Chronostratigraphie
        Status
        gültig
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Third period of the Paleoproterozoic. Its base has been defined chronometrically.

         

        Age
        Paleoproterozoic (= Early Proterozoic)
      • Rhyacian (2300 Ma)

        Name Origin

        From rhýax (Greek), meaning "stream of lava".

         

        Rang
        Chronostratigraphie
        Status
        gültig
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        Second period of the Paleoproterozoic : Bushveld Igneous Complex, Huronian (Makganyene) global glaciation. Its base has been defined chronometrically.

         

        Age
        Paleoproterozoic (= Early Proterozoic)
      • Siderian (2500 Ma)

        Name Origin

        From sídēros (Greek), meaning "iron".

         

        Rang
        Chronostratigraphie
        Status
        gültig
        Kurzbeschreibung

         

        First period of the Paleoproterozoic, characterised by a peak in the deposition of banded iron formations (BIFs). Its base has been defined chronometrically.

         

        Age
        Paleoproterozoic (= Early Proterozoic)
  • Archean (4000 Ma)

    Herkunft des Namens

    archeo (Latin): old (see also Grand Canyon, Colorado).

    Rang
    chronostratigraphischer Äon
    Status
    gültiger formeller Begriff
    Alter
    Archaikum
    Kurzbeschreibung

     

    ... composed of granulites, green belts, non-metamorphic sedimentary rocks (argilites, arkoses, sandstones, rarely carbonates and evaporites), as well as first banded iron-stones.

     

    • Neoarchean (2800 Ma)

      Rang
      Chronostratigraphie
      Status
      informeller Begriff
      Age
      Archaikum
    • Mesoarchean (3200 Ma)

      Rang
      Chronostratigraphie
      Status
      informeller Begriff
      Age
      Archaikum
    • Paleoarchean (3600 Ma)

      Rang
      Chronostratigraphie
      Status
      informeller Begriff
      Age
      Archaikum
    • Eoarchean (4000 Ma)

      Rang
      Chronostratigraphie
      Status
      informeller Begriff
      Age
      Archaikum
  • Hadean (~ 4600 Ma)

    Herkunft des Namens

    Named after Hades, the Greek god of the underworld.

     

    Rang
    chronostratigraphischer Äon
    Status
    gültiger formeller Begriff
    Alter
    Hadean
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