Banc du Col de la Plaine Morte

Retour à Helvétique central

Représentation et statut

Couleur CMYK
(0%,37%,37%,4%)
Couleur RGB
R: 245 G: 155 B: 155
Rang
Banc lithostratigraphique
Usage
Ce terme est en usage.
Status
terme local (informel)
Scs Note
Nicht zu verwenden: unnötig da sehr lokal ; Ortsname schon für eine andere lithostratigraphische Einheit verwendet (Wildflysch de la Plaine Morte).
Scs Date
18.10.2007
Discussion du statut

Nomenclature

Deutsch
Col-de-la-Plaine-Morte-Bank
Français
Banc du Col de la Plaine Morte
Italiano
Banco del Col de la Plaine Morte
English
Col de la Plaine Morte Bed
Variantes historiques
Plaine Morte Bed (Föllmi et al. 2006 et 2007, Föllmi & Gainon 2008, Föllmi 2009)

Description

Épaisseur
max. 20 cm

Composants

Fossiles
  • ammonites
Deshayesites, Aconeceras

Âge

Âge au sommet
  • Aptien précoce

Note sur le sommet
Untere Abschnitt der furcata-Zone
Âge à la base
  • Aptien précoce

Note sur la base
Obere Abschnitt der deshayesi-Zone

Géographie

Extension géographique
Nur lokal im Rawilgebiet.
Région-type
Rawilgebiet (VS/BE)
Localité-type

Paléogéographie et tectonique

Termes génériques
Type de protolithe
  • sédimentaire

Références

Révision
Föllmi Karl B. (2009) : Neubenennungen lithostratigraphischer Einheiten in der helvetischen Kreide - Comment on the article by the Schweizerisches Komitee für Stratigraphie (SJG, Vol 102/2): What is in a stratigraphical name? Swiss J. Geosci. 102 (2009) 515–518

The Plaine-Morte Bed In the area of the Col de la Plaine Morte, the Plaine-Morte Bed embodies an approximately 20-cm thick nodular phosphatic layer within the Grünten Member, which is well distinguishable in the field. The Plaine-Morte Bed includes large clasts composed of crinoidal limestone of the lower Grünten Beds, which are peripherically phosphatized and small phosphatic nodules and particles. Sparse ammonites indicate the deshayesi and furcata ammonite zones (Föllmi & Gainon 2008). In this region, the Plaine-Morte Bed merges laterally with the higher Luitere Bed, and the intervening upper Grünten Beds disappear. The importance of this bed is that it helps us to explain the older ages shown in distal occurrences of the Luitere Bed in Allgäu and Vorarlberg, where ammonites are present from the deshayesi and furcata ammonite zones (besides younger ammonites indicating the early Late Aptian). These older ages can be explained by the Luitere Bed being merged with the Plaine-Morte Bed, in analogy of what is observed in the area of the Col de la Plaine Morte. This merging pattern is well comparable to the merging of different phosphorite beds into one singe bed higher up in the Garschella Formation. To this comes that with the Plaine-Morte Bed, the imprint of oceanic anoxic event 1a (the so-called “Selli event”) has been discovered on the northern Tethyan margin. (...)
Principales publications
Föllmi Karl B., Gainon François (2008) : Demise of the northern Tethyan Urgonian carbonate platform and subsequent transition towards pelagic conditions: the sedimentary record of the Col de la Plaine Morte area, central Switzerland Sedimentary Geology 205, 142–159
Föllmi Karl B., Bodin Stephane, Godet Alexis, Linder Pascal, van de Schootbrugge B. (2007) : Unlocking paleo- environmental information from Early Cretaceous shelf sediments in the Helvetic Alps: stratigraphy is the key! Swiss J. Geosci. 100, 349-369
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