Holocene (11.7 ka)

Torna a cronostratigrafia

Rappresentazione e statuto

Colore CMYK
0/5/10/0
Colore RGB
R: 254 G: 242 B: 224
Rango
Epoca cronostratigrafica
Uso
Unità in uso.
Status
termine formale valido
SCS nota
Formally adopted by the International Geological Congress (IGC 1885).
Discussione del statuto

Nomenclatura

Deutsch
Holozän
Français
Holocène
Italiano
Olocene
English
Holocene (11.7 ka)
Origine del nome
holos = fully, entirely , kaïno = recent
Varianti storiche
Recent (Lyell 1839), Post-Glacial (Forbes 1846), Holocene (Gervais 1867-1869, IGC 1885, Gibbard et al. 2005 and 2010, Walker et al. 2008, 2009 and 2012), Alluvium = Gegenwart (Roesli 1948), Nacheiszeit, Holocän, Holocaen

Gerarchia e successione

Limite inferiore
The base of the Holocene is set at the end of the Younger Dryas, which corresponds to 10'000 a 14C (uncalibrated) and 11'500 a BP (calendar years), respectively (Walker et al. 2009).

Età

Geomorfologia
  • Olocene

Età alla base
  • Olocene

Referenze

Definizione
Gervais P. (1867) : Zoologie et paléontologie générales: nouvelles recherches sur les animaux vertébrés et fossiles. Paris
Revisione
Gibbard P.L., Smith A.G., Zalasiewicz J. (2005) : What status for the Quaternary? Boreas 34, 1-6
Pubblicazioni importanti
Mangerud J., Birks H.J.B., Jäger K.D. (eds) (1982) : Chronostratigraphical Subdivision of the Holocene. Striae 16, 1-110
Walker M., Johnsen S., Rasmussen S.O., ... (2008) : The Global Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the base of the Holocene Series/Epoch (Quaternary System/Period) in the NGRIP ice core. Episodes 31, 264-267
Walker M., Johnsen S., Rasmussen S.O., ... (2009) : Formal definition and dating of the GSSP (Global Stratotype Section and Point) for the base of the Holocene using the Greenland NGRIP ice core, and selected auxiliary records. Journal of Quaternary Science 24, 3-17
Walker M.J.C., Berkelhammer M., Björck S., Cwynar L.C., Fisher D.A., Long A.J., Lowe J.J., Newnham R.M., Rasmussen S.O., Weiss H. (2012) : Formal subdivision of the Holocene Series/Epoch: a Discussion Paper by a Working Group of INTIMATE (Integration of ice-core, marine and terrestrial records) and the Subcommission on Quaternary Stratigraphy (International Commission on Stratigraphy). Journal of Quaternary Science 27/7, 649-659
  • Subatlantic

    Rango
    climato/palinostratigrafia
    Statuto
    termine informale
    In breve

     

    Current climatic/palynological stage of the European Quaternary (approximate age range: from 2800-2450 calBP = 850-500 BC to present).

     

    Age
    Olocene
  • Subboreal

    Rango
    climato/palinostratigrafia
    Statuto
    termine informale
    In breve

     

    Palynological stage of the European Quaternary (approximate age range: 5500-2800 calBP).

     

    Age
    Olocene
  • Atlantic

    Name Origin

    Warm and moist climatic phase originally based on the study of Danish peat bogs.

    Rango
    climato/palinostratigrafia
    Statuto
    termine informale
    In breve

     

    Palynological stage depicting a climatic optimum in Europe, and characterised by the presence of oak, elm, linden and iva (approximate range: 9000-5500 calBP).

     

    Age
    Olocene
  • Boreal

    Name Origin

    Cold climatic phase originally based on the study of Danish peat bogs.

    Rango
    climato/palinostratigrafia
    Statuto
    termine informale
    In breve

     

    Palynological stage of the European Quaternary (approximate age range: 10200-9000 calBP).

     

    Age
    Olocene
  • Preboreal

    Name Origin

    Transitional climatic phase originally based on the study of Danish peat bogs.

    Rango
    climato/palinostratigrafia
    Statuto
    termine informale
    In breve

     

    Palynological stage of the European Quaternary, at the base of the Holocene (approximate age range: 11650-10200 calBP).

     

    Age
    Olocene
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