Cretaceous (~ 145 Ma)

Torna a cronostratigrafia

Rappresentazione e statuto

Colore CMYK
50 / 0 / 75 / 0
Colore RGB
R: 127 G: 198 B: 78
Rango
Periodo cronostratigrafico
Uso
Unità in uso.
Status
termine formale valido

Nomenclatura

Deutsch
Kreide
Français
Crétacé
Italiano
Cretacico
English
Cretaceous (~ 145 Ma)
Origine del nome

Named derived from the characteristic chalk deposits (Latin: creta = craie, Kreide) of the Paris-London Basin.

Varianti storiche
terrain crétacique (d'Omalius d'Halloy 1822), Système crétacique (Mayer-Eymar 1888), Terrain crétacé (Sornay et al. 1957), Crétacé, Cretaceo (?), Kreidezeit

Gerarchia e successione

Unità sovrastante

Età

Geomorfologia
  • Maastrichtiano

Età alla base
  • Berriasiano

Geografia

Regione-tipo
Bassin de Paris (France)
  • Late Cretaceous (~ 100 Ma)

    Rango
    Epoca cronostratigrafica
    Statuto
    termine formale valido
    Age
    Cenomaniano
    • Maastrichtian (~ 71 Ma)

      Name Origin

      Named after the town of Maastricht (Netherlands).

       

      Rango
      Piano cronostratigrafico
      Statuto
      termine formale valido
      In breve

       

      Last stage of the Cretaceous (and hence of the Mesozoic as well).

       

      Age
      Maastrichtiano
    • Campanian (~ 84 Ma)

      Name Origin

      Named after the Champagne de Saintonge (Charentes, France), near Cognac.

       

      Rango
      Piano cronostratigrafico
      Statuto
      termine formale valido
      Age
      Campaniano
    • Santonian (~ 86 Ma)

      Name Origin

      Named after the former province of Saintonge (Charentes, France).

       

      Rango
      Piano cronostratigrafico
      Statuto
      termine formale valido
      Age
      Santoniano
    • Coniacian (~ 89 Ma)

      Name Origin

      Named after the town of Cognac (Charente-Maritime, France), where the historical stratotype lies.

       

      Rango
      Piano cronostratigrafico
      Statuto
      termine formale valido
      In breve

       

      Initially defined as the basal stage of the «Craie supérieure» (chalk ; cf. Cretaceous).

       

      Age
      Coniaciano
    • Turonian (~ 94 Ma)

      Name Origin

      Named after Turonia, the Latine name for Tours (France), Indre-et-Loire.

       

      Rango
      Piano cronostratigrafico
      Statuto
      termine formale valido
      Age
      Turoniano
    • Bonarelli level (OAE-2)

      Name Origin

      Named after the Italian geologist Guido Bonarelli (1871-1951).

      Rango
      OAE
      Statuto
      valido
      In breve

       

      Oceanic anoxic event at the Cenomanian/Turonian boundary (around 93 Ma ago) with a major impact on the chemistry of the oceans worldwide. This event correlates with a marine extinction event.

       

      Age
      Cenomaniano tardo
    • Cenomanian (~ 100 Ma)

      Name Origin

      Named atfer Cenomanum, the Latine name for Le Mans (France), Sarthe.

       

      Rango
      Piano cronostratigrafico
      Statuto
      termine formale valido
      In breve

       

      First stage of the Late Cretaceous.

       

      Age
      Cenomaniano
  • Early Cretaceous (~ 145 Ma)

    Rango
    Epoca cronostratigrafica
    Statuto
    termine formale valido
    Age
    Berriasiano
    • Albian (~ 112 Ma)

      Name Origin

      Named after the Aube region (France).

      Rango
      Piano cronostratigrafico
      Statuto
      termine formale valido
      Nomenclatorial Remarks
      <p>Latin: Alba</p>
      In breve

       

      Last stage of the Early Cretaceous.

       

      Age
      Albiano
      • Vraconnien

        Name Origin

        La Vraconnaz = La Vraconne (VD), Saint-Croix

        Rango
        cronostratigrafia
        Statuto
        termine obsoleto (abbandonato)
        Nomenclatorial Remarks
        <p>Vraconnin (Mayer-Eymar 1885) = Albien moyen à tardif &gt;&lt; Rhotomagin = Vraconnien !</p>
        In breve

         

        Local chronostratigraphic subdivision corresponding to the late Albian (and earliest Cenomanian).

         

        Age
        Albiano terminale
      • Oceanic Anoxic Event (OAE 1d)

        Rango
        OAE
        Statuto
        valido
        Age
        Albiano terminale
      • Oceanic Anoxic Event (OAE 1c)

        Rango
        chemostratigrafia
        Statuto
        valido
        In breve

         

        Oceanic anoxic event of the Late Albian.

         

        Age
        Albiano medio
    • Paquier Oceanic Anoxic Event (OAE 1b)

      Rango
      OAE
      Statuto
      valido
      In breve

       

      Oceanic anoxic event of the Early Albian.

       

      Age
      Spätestes Aptien
    • Aptian (~ 125 Ma)

      Name Origin

      Named after the town of Apt (Vaucluse, France).

      Rango
      Piano cronostratigrafico
      Statuto
      termine formale valido
      In breve

       

      Stage of the Early Cretaceous.

       

      Age
      Aptien
      • Clansayésien

        Name Origin

        Named after the village of Clansayes (Drôme, France).

         

        Rango
        cronostratigrafia
        Statuto
        termine locale (informale)
        In breve

         

        Local chronostratigraphic substage corresponding to the Late Aptian.

         

        Age
        Aptiano tardo
      • Gargasian

        Name Origin

        Named after the village of Gargas (Vaucluse, France).

         

        Rango
        Sotto-Piano cronostratigrafico
        Statuto
        termine locale (informale)
        In breve

         

        Local chronostratigraphic subdivision corresponding to the latest Early Aptian and to the Middle Aptian.

         

        Age
        Primo Aptiano
      • Bedoulian

        Name Origin

        Named after the village of La Bédoule (Bouches-du-Rhône, France), near Cassis.

         

        Rango
        cronostratigrafia
        Statuto
        termine locale (informale)
        Termine valido
        Aptian
        In breve

         

        Local chronostratigraphic subdivision designating the Early Aptian. The Bedoulian, based on pelagic deposits (Marno-calcaires de la Bedoule), is approximately equivalent to the Rhodanian, which is based on littoral deposits.

         

        Age
        Primo Aptiano
      • Selli level (OAE 1a)

        Name Origin

        Named after the Italian geologist Raimondo Selli (1916-1983).

        Rango
        OAE
        Statuto
        valido
        In breve

         

        Oceanic anoxic event at the base of the Aptian (around 120 Ma ago) with a major impact on the chemistry of the oceans worldwide.

         

        Age
        Primo Aptiano
    • Barremian (~ 130 Ma)

      Name Origin

      Named after the village of Barrême (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, France).

       

      Rango
      Piano cronostratigrafico
      Statuto
      termine formale valido
      In breve

       

      ... based on the Marno-calcaires de Barrême.

       

      Age
      Barrémien
    • Hauterivian (~ 134 Ma)

      Name Origin

      Named after the village of Hauterive (NE), NE Neuchâtel.

      Rango
      Piano cronostratigrafico
      Statuto
      termine formale valido
      Age
      Hauterivien
      • Faraoni Oceanic Anoxic Event

        Rango
        OAE
        Statuto
        valido
        Age
        Spätestes Hauterivien
    • Valanginian (~ 140 Ma)

      Name Origin

      Named after the village of Valangin (NE), at the upper end of the Gorges du Seyon (see also inventory of Swiss geotopes n°245).

      Rango
      Piano cronostratigrafico
      Statuto
      termine formale valido
      Nomenclatorial Remarks
      <p>Valendis = ancien nom allemand de Valangin</p>
      In breve

       

      Second stage of the Early Cretaceous.

       

      Age
      Valanginien
    • Berriasian (~ 145 Ma)

      Name Origin

      Named after the village of Berrias (Ardèche, France).

      Rango
      Piano cronostratigrafico
      Statuto
      termine formale valido
      Nomenclatorial Remarks
      <p>The Berriasella jacobi Zone was previously&nbsp;placed at the end of the Tithonian.</p>
      In breve

       

      First stage of the Cretaceous.

       

      Age
      Berriasiano
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