• Argilla di Castel di Sotto Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Castel di Sotto (TI), Novazzano

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Argilla marnosa, siltite.
    Age
    Zanclean - Zanclean
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Conglomerato di Pontegana Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Pontegana (TI), Morbio Inferiore/Balerna (ca. 1.7 km NW Chiasso)

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Conglomerato grossolano, arenite.
    Age
    Messinian - Messinian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    Südalpines Vorland: alter Breggialauf (all'uscita dell'antica Valle di Muggio = E des heutigen Breggialaufs) von Pidriolo (Morbio superiore) bis Pontegana: Aufschlüsse W Valle delle Creda, E San Rocco, Ghitello, NW Pontegana, San Simone.
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Conglomerato di Lucino Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Lucino (TI), Lugano

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Conglomerato, arenite torbiditica, pelite.
    Age
    latest Burdigalian - Langhian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
    • Arenaria di Cagno Show details

      Origin of the Name

      Cagno (IT), WSW Chiasso

      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Member
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      Conglomerato a grana fine, arenite torbiditica massiccia.
      Age
      latest Burdigalian - latest Burdigalian
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
  • Conglomerato di Como Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Como (IT)

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Conglomerato polimittico, arenite, pelite.
    Age
    late Chattian - late Burdigalian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
    • Arenaria di Malnate Show details

      Origin of the Name

      Malnate (IT), SE Varese

      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Member
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      Arenite torbiditica, arenite conglomeratica, pelite.
      Age
      Burdigalian - Burdigalian
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Arenaria della Val Grande Show details

      Origin of the Name

      Val Grande (IT), Verbania

      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Formation
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      Arenite torbiditica, arenite conglomeratica, pelite.
      Age
      Burdigalian - Burdigalian
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Peliti del Rio dei Gioghi Show details

      Origin of the Name

      Rio dei Gioghi (IT), Ródero/Cantello

      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Member
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      Pelite, siltite, arenite sottilmente stratificata.
      Age
      earliest Burdigalian - earliest Burdigalian
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Peliti di Prestino Show details

      Origin of the Name

      Prestino (IT)

      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Formation
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      Pelite, siltite, arenite sottilmente stratificata.
      Age
      late Aquitanian - late Aquitanian
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
  • Formazione di Chiasso Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Chiasso (TI)

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Pelite, pelite marnosa, arenite sottilmente stratificata.
    Age
    early Chattian - late Chattian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
    • Conglomerato di Villa Olmo Show details

      Origin of the Name

      Villa Olmo (IT), Como

      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Member
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      Conglomerato poligenico, arenite, pelite.
      Age
      early Chattian - early Chattian
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
  • Formazione di Ternate Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Ternate (IT)

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    valid
    Valid name
    In Short
    -
    Age
    Priabonian - Priabonian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Formazione di Brenno Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Brenno Useria (IT)

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Calcare pelagico e calcarenite torbiditica.
    Age
    Campaniano terminale - Late Maastrichtian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Conglomerato di Prella Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Prella (TI), Mendrisio

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Conglomerato polimittico, arenite torbiditica.
    Age
    Campaniano tardo - Campaniano tardo
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Flysch di Coldrerio Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Coldrerio (TI)

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Arenite torbiditica, siltite, marna.
    Age
    Late Santonien - Early Campanian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Conglomerato di Torre Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Torre (TI), S Mendrisio

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    proposal
    Valid name
    In Short
    Conglomerato polimittico, arenite torbiditica.
    Age
    Santonian - Santonian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Flysch del Varesotto Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Varesotto / Provincia di Varese (IT)

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Arenite torbiditica grigia, siltite, marna.
    Age
    Late Cenomanian - Early Santonian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Scaglia Rossa Lombarda Show details

    Origin of the Name
    -
    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Calcare marnoso rosso e marna emipelagica.
    Age
    Early Cenomanian - Late Cenomanian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Scaglia Bianca Lombarda Show details

    Origin of the Name
    -
    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Calcare marnoso e marna emipelagica biancastre e grigia, scisto argilloso nero.
    Age
    Late Albian - Late Albian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Scaglia Variegata Lombarda Show details

    Origin of the Name
    -
    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Calcare marnoso e marna variegata emipelagica, scisto nero.
    Age
    Late Aptian - Early Albian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
    • «Scisti a pesci»

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      undefined
      Status
      -
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Cretaceous - Cretaceous
      Thickness
      0.5 m
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
  • Maiolica Lombarda Show details

    Origin of the Name
    -
    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Calcare pelagico da biancho quasi pure a grigio, con liste e noduli di selce e sottili intercalazioni di argilla. Scisto argilloso nero nella parte superiore.
    Age
    Berriasian - Barremian
    Thickness
    140 m (Gole della Breggia)
    Geographical extent
    Gole della Breggia
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Gruppo del Selcifero Lombardo Show details

    Origin of the Name
    Il nome di questa roccia è dovuto al fatto che essa è formata di innumerevoli scheletri silicei di Radiolari.
    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Group
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Sequenza di selce rossa e verde.
    Age
    late Bajocian - Early Tithonian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    Gole della Breggia
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
    • Rosso ad Aptici Show details

      Origin of the Name
      Abbondante presenza di Aptici.
      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Member
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      Calcare pelagico marnoso con selce, biancastro e rossastro, variegato, ad Aptici.
      Age
      Kimmeridgian - Tithonian
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • «Radiolariti nodulari» Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Member
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      Calcare pelagico rosso con selce.
      Age
      -
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • «Radiolariti basali» Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Member
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      Radiolarite grigio scura.
      Age
      late Bajocian -
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
  • «Calcare a bivalvi planctonici» Show details

    Origin of the Name
    -
    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Calcare siliceo pelagico biancastro e rosso e marna (molto spiegazzato).
    Age
    late Aalenian - early Bajocian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Rosso Ammonitico Lombardo Show details

    Origin of the Name
    -
    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Serie condensata di calcari marnosi nodulari rossi e di marne rossastro-verdognole, ricche in fossili (ammoniti e bivalvi).
    Age
    early Toarcian - late Aalenian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
    • «Grenzposidonienschichten» Show details

      Origin of the Name

      massenhafte kleine Posidonia

      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Formation
      Status
      incorrect name (though informally used)
      Valid name
      In Short
      Horizont, der massenhaft „winzige Mikroposidonien" und spärlich gestreifte Posidonien führt.
      Age
      latest Toarcian - latest Toarcian
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      Lokale Bildung in der Breggia-Schlucht (TI).
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
  • Formazione di Morbio Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Morbio Inferiore/Superiore (TI), nelle Gole della Breggia

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    formal name
    Valid name
    In Short
    Calcare pelagico nodulare rosso e marna con ammoniti.
    Age
    late Pliensbachian (= Domerian) - earliest Toarcian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    Bacino del Nudo, Soglia di Lugano, Bacino del Monte Generoso.
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Calcare di Besazio Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Besazio (TI)

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    formal name
    Valid name
    In Short
    Massige, meist schichtungslose, homogene rote Kalke. Sie führen eine individuen- und artenreiche Cephalopodenfauna sowie Crinoiden, Brachiopoden, seltener Lamellibranchien und Gastropoden. Riffbildner wie Korallen und Kalkschwämme scheinen ganz zu fehlen, Seelilien-Wurzelstücke treten hingegen massenhaft auf. Charakteristisch ist die vorzügliche Erhaltungsweise der Fossilien, die fast ausnahmslos durch schalige Limonit- und Mangan-Krusten überzogen sind, wodurch v.a. die Ammoniten samt ihren Schalen erhalten sind.
    Age
    earliest Pliensbachian - early Pliensbachian (= Carixian)
    Thickness
    Geringmächtig, in der Grössenordnung einiger Meter.
    Geographical extent
    Soglia di Lugano: Aufschlüsse beschränken sich im Wesentlichen auf die Scholle Besazio - Cave d'Arzo. Die Bezeichnung Calcare di Besazio wird auch auf vereinzelte Vorkommen in der Alta Brianza angewandt, v.a. auf den Sasso Bicicola bei Suello.
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Formazione di Moltrasio Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Moltrasio (IT), NNE Como

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    formal name
    Valid name
    In Short
    Wechsellagerung aus dunklen blaugrauen Kieselkalken ("calcare selcifero") mit Hornsteinlagen und –knauern und gut gebankten, grauen, hornsteinfreien, oft bituminösen Kieselkalken mit Mergelzwischenlagen. Eingelagert finden sich oft Brekzien, Konglomerate und Echinodermen-Brekzien, im untersten Teil auch Dolomite. Im Monte Generoso-Becken treten ausserdem exotische Blöcke (Broccatello, Macchia vecchia, Retico, Dolomia principale), Brekzien mit gradierter Schichtung und synsedimentäre Rutschstrukturen auf.
    Age
    Sinemurian - early Pliensbachian (= Carixian)
    Thickness
    Im Monte Nudo-Becken max. 1500 m, im Generoso-Becken > 3000 m.
    Geographical extent
    Lombardische Alpen zwischen Lago Maggiore und Bergamo: Monte Nudo(-Becken), Lago Maggiore, Campo dei Fiori, Saltrio, E Tremona, Monte Generoso(-Becken) - Gole della Breggia, Valsolda, Alta Brianza, Monte Albenza.
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
    • Membro del Molino Show details

      Origin of the Name

      Molino di Morbio Superiore (TI), nella Gole della Breggia (cf. carta Siegfried)

      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Member
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      Calcare selcifero grigio, marna.
      Age
      early Pliensbachian (= Carixian) - early Pliensbachian (= Carixian)
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      Bacino del Monte Nudo, Bacino del Monte Generoso.
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
  • Formazione di Saltrio Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Saltrio (IT)

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    formal name
    Valid name
    In Short
    Kalkarenite, vorwiegend bioklastisch (= Enkrinite), mit einer bekannten Fauna ("Fauna der Transgressionsgesteine der Cave di Saltrio").
    Age
    early Sinemurian - early Sinemurian
    Thickness
    geringmächtig
    Geographical extent
    Bacino del Monte Nudo (W Soglia di Lugano)
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Macchia vecchia Show details

    Origin of the Name
    -
    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Komplexe, mehrphasige Brekzien, die Hauptdolomit-Trümmer als älteste Komponente und eine oder mehrere Phasen von jüngeren Lias-Kalken (Broccatello d‘Arzo, Calcare di Besazio, rote Mergel-Kalke des Domerien) als Grundmasse bzw. klastische Komponente(n) enthalten. Hierunter fallen auch seltenere Brekzien-Typen, die neben liasische auch rhätische Anteile (Serie di Tremona, «Breccie retiche») enthalten. Die Trümmer sind fast immer eckig, scharfkantig und von äusserst schwankendem Umfang.
    Age
    early Hettangian - latest Pliensbachian
    Thickness
    -
    Macchia Vecchia (Bundeshaus)
    Macchia Vecchia (Bundeshaus)
    Geographical extent
    Soglia di Lugano (Luganer Schwelle), NE Cava di marmo (ca. 1 km NE Arzo), Sermonte (ca. 0.5 km NW Tremona), vereinzelte Aufschlüsse auf der östlichen Talseite zwischen Mendrisio und Rovio.
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Broccatello d'Arzo Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Arzo (TI)

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Massige, ungeschichtete, meist bunte, seltener hellgraue, dichte, vorherrschend reine Kalke, die durch unregelmässige Flammung gekennzeichnet sind und nesterweise Kalkschwämme, Korallen(trümmer), Crinoiden-Trümmer, Brachiopoden, Bivalven und seltener Cephalopoden führen. Der Broccatello d’Arzo ist oft an heterogenen, mehrphasigen Brekzien mit eckigen und scharfkantigen Trümmern beteiligt, sowohl als Komponente wie als Grundmasse. Sämtliche Brekzien-Typen treten fast ausnahmslos in scharf begrenzte Streifen auf.
    Age
    early Hettangian - Sinemurian
    Thickness
    Breite der Streifen von sämtlichen Brekzien-Typen: 0-150 m.
    Brocattello d'Arzo (Bundeshaus)
    Brocattello d'Arzo (Bundeshaus)
    Brocattello d'Arzo (Bundeshaus)
    Brocattello d'Arzo (Bundeshaus)
    Geographical extent
    Soglia di Lugano (Luganer Schwelle), verteilt über das gesamte Aufschluss-Gebiet zwischen Arzo, Besazio, Rancate, Cantone und Guana (S Meride), vereinzelte Aufschlüsse auf der östlichen Talseite zwischen Mendrisio und Rovio
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Formazione del Albenza Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Monte Albenza (IT), Bergamo

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    unknown status
    Valid name
    In Short
    -
    Age
    early Hettangian - early Hettangian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Calcare di Zu Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Zu (IT), ca. 1.5 km S Riva di Solto

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    unknown status
    Valid name
    In Short
    -
    Age
    Late Norian - Rhaetian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Formazione di Tremona Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Tremona (TI), S Meride

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Calcarenite, oolite, calcare marnoso, marna, dolomia.
    Age
    Rhaetian - Late Rhaetian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    Soglia di Lugano, Margine del Bacino del Monte Nudo p.p.
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • «Brecce Retiche» Show details

    Origin of the Name
    -
    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Breccia tettono-sedimentaria.
    Age
    Rhaetian - Rhaetian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    Soglia di Lugano
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Argillite di Riva di Solto Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Riva di Solto (IT), Lago d'Iseo

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    unknown status
    Valid name
    In Short
    Tonstein.
    Age
    Norian - Norian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Dolomia Principale Show details

    Origin of the Name
    -
    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Group
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Dolomia in banchi potenti, p.p. stromatolitica.
    Age
    Norian - Norian
    Thickness
    Bis über 1000 m.
    Geographical extent
    Monte San Giorgio
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Marna del Pizzella Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Monte Pizzella (IT) am Monte Campo dei Fiori, Velate

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    formal name
    Valid name
    In Short
    Bunte Mergel: marne grigie fogliettate, marne bituminose nerastre, talora con resti di pesci e crostacei, con intercalazioni di strati più carbonatici di spessore da centimetrico a decimetrico.
    Age
    Late Carnian - Late Carnian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    Monte San Giorgio
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Formazione di Cunardo Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Cunardo (IT)

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    unknown status
    Valid name
    In Short
    Unità calcarea sottilmente stratificata, con noduli di selce, di ambiente bacinale, talora con Ammoniti.
    Age
    Middle Ladinian - Middle Ladinian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Calcare di Meride Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Meride (TI)

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    formal name
    Valid name
    In Short
    Wechsellagerung aus gut geschichteten, tonigen Kalken mit dünnschiefrigen, bituminösen Zwischenlagen. Ein Dolomitband von 10 m Mächtigkeit trennt die Serie in einen 50-80 m mächtigen unteren Teil und einen 400-500 m mächtigen oberen Teil. Im unteren und oberen Teil treten Einlagerungen vulkanischer Tuffe auf. Im unteren Teil können von unten nach oben die Niveaux von Val Bozzone, Acqua del Ghiffo und Cassina nach Wirbeltierfunden ausgeschieden werden.
    Age
    Earliest Ladinian - Late Ladinian
    Thickness
    460-590 m
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    Monte San Giorgio (TI)
    Comment
    -
    • «Calcare di Meride Superiore» Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Member
      Status
      incorrect name (though informally used)
      Valid name
      In Short
      Oberer Teil des Meride-Kalkes, bestehend aus bituminösem Kalk, Mergel, Kalk- und Mergelschiefer.
      Age
      Ladinian - Ladinian
      Thickness
      400-500 m
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      Monte San Giorgio (TI)
      Comment
      -
      • «Kalkschieferzone» Show details

        Origin of the Name
        -
        Rank
        lithostratigraphic Member
        Status
        incorrect name (though informally used)
        Valid name
        In Short
        Calcare micritico grigio sottilmente stratificato, marna, intercalazioni di bentonite.
        Age
        Ladinian - Early Carnian
        Thickness
        -
        Geographical extent
        -
        Type area
        -
        Comment
        -
      • Sceltrich-Schichten

        Origin of the Name

        Val di Sceltrich (TI)

        Rank
        Beds
        Status
        informal term
        Valid name
        In Short
        -
        Age
        Ladinian - Ladinian
        Thickness
        -
        Geographical extent
        -
        Type area
        Monte San Giorgio (TI)
        Comment
        -
    • «Dolomitband» Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Bed
      Status
      incorrect name (though informally used)
      Valid name
      In Short
      Massiger, heller und schwarzer Dolomit, der eine Zweiteilung des Meride-Kalkes erlaubt.
      Age
      -
      Thickness
      Ca. 10 m
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • «Calcare di Meride Inferiore» Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Member
      Status
      incorrect name (though informally used)
      Valid name
      In Short
      Unterer Teil des Merida-Kalkes, bestehend aus schwarzem, plattigem Kalk und bituminösem Kalkschiefer.
      Age
      Ladinian - Ladinian
      Thickness
      50-80 m
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      Monte San Giorgio (TI)
      Comment
      -
      • Strati di Cassina

        Origin of the Name

        Cassina (TI), Monte San Giorgio

        Rank
        Beds
        Status
        informal term
        Valid name
        In Short
        Alternanza di scisti bituminosi laminati e di calcari. Molto fossilifero (Saurichthys, Tanystropheus, notosauri). Anche con strati volcanoclastici (tuffiti, bentoniti).
        Age
        Ladinian - Ladinian
        Thickness
        Env. 3 m.
        Geographical extent
        -
        Type area
        Monte San Giorgio (TI)
        Comment
        -
      • Strati della Cava superiore

        Origin of the Name
        -
        Rank
        Beds
        Status
        informal term
        Valid name
        In Short
        Scisti bituminosi con pesci attinotterigi, notosauri.
        Age
        Ladinian - Ladinian
        Thickness
        -
        Geographical extent
        -
        Type area
        Monte San Giorgio (TI)
        Comment
        -
      • Strati della Cava inferiore

        Origin of the Name
        -
        Rank
        Beds
        Status
        informal term
        Valid name
        In Short
        Scisti bituminosi con pesci attinotterigi come Saurichthys, rettili saurotterigi.
        Age
        Ladinian - Ladinian
        Thickness
        -
        Geographical extent
        -
        Type area
        Monte San Giorgio (TI)
        Comment
        -
  • Dolomia del San Giorgio Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Monte San Giorgio (TI), Meride

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    formal name
    Valid name
    In Short
    Dolomicrite grigia, selcifera nella parte basale, da stratificata a massiccia, raramente laminata.
    Age
    Latest Ladinian - Latest Ladinian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    Monte San Giorgio (TI)
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
    • Tuffiti della Val Serrata Show details

      Origin of the Name

      Val Serrata = Val Serada (TI), W Riva San Vitale

      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Bed
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      Tufite volcanica da grigia a verde, a prevalente sanidino.
      Age
      Early Ladinian - Early Ladinian
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
  • Formazione di Besano Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Besano (IT)

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    formal name
    Valid name
    In Short
    Wechsellagerung aus gut gebankten, leicht bituminösen, etwas sandigen und tonführenden Dolomiten und cm- bis dm-mächtigen bituminösen Tonschiefern. Die 8-12 m mächtige Formazione di Besano stellt einen Leithorizont zwischen massigen anisischen Dolomiten und ladinischen Dolomiten (Dolomia del San Giorgio) dar. Zudem enthält sie eine reiche Wirbeltierfauna.
    Age
    Late Anisian - Earliest Ladinian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Dolomia del San Salvatore Show details

    Origin of the Name

    San Salvatore (TI), Carona

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    formal name
    Valid name
    In Short
    Einheitlicher, fossilarmer Dolomitkomplex des «alpinen Muschelkalkes». Auf bankige Diploporen-Dolomite an der Basis folgen grobbankige bis massige, helle Dolomite. Basis und Dach lassen sich chronostratigraphisch nicht genau vom Liegenden und Hangenden abgrenzen. Paläontologisch nachgewiesen sind die „Trinodosus-Fauna“ und die ladinische Fauna von Esino.
    Age
    Early Anisian - Latest Ladinian
    Thickness
    600-1500 m
    Geographical extent
    Südalpen zwischen Lago Maggiore und Lago di Como.
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Formazione di Bellano Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Bellano (IT), Lago di Como

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Successione di conglomerati fini ed arenarie.
    Age
    Late Olenekian - Early Anisian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Servino Show details

    Origin of the Name
    -
    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    unknown status
    Valid name
    In Short
    Bunte feinkörnige Sandsteine und Tone. (arenarie, arcose, argille micacee)
    Age
    Permian - Early Triassic
    Thickness
    150-300 m
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Verrucano Lombardo Show details

    Origin of the Name
    Il nome verrucano deriva dal Monte Verruca, nella zona del Monte Pisano in Toscana, dove si trova un conglomerato simile, ma di età triassica.
    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Spesse alternanze di conglomerati e arenarie medio-grossolana e argillite di colore rosso, che localmente passano a siltiti e peliti. Konglomerate und bunte grobe brekziöse Sandsteine mit Konglomeratlagen.
    Age
    Changhsingian - Changhsingian
    Thickness
    100-200 m im Luganergebiet (Schwellengebiet), bis über 2000 m in den zentralen Bergamaskeralpen
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
    • Arenarie di Val Gardena

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Formation
      Status
      -
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      -
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
  • Vulcaniti post-varisiche Show details

    Origin of the Name
    -
    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    incorrect name (though informally used)
    Valid name
    In Short
    Succession de dépôts volcaniques avec mince niveau de conglomérat tuffitique à la base, suivi par des andésites et dacites, puis des rhyolites ignimbritiques. Les éléments les plus jeunes sont des granophyres subvolcaniques intrudés dans le socle et datés de 281 Ma.
    Age
    Cisuralian (= Early Permian) - Cisuralian (= Early Permian)
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
    • Granofiro Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      petrographic facies
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Kungurian - Kungurian
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Riolite Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      petrographic facies
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Cisuralian (= Early Permian) - Cisuralian (= Early Permian)
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Andesite e dacite Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      petrographic facies
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      Andesite e dacite, localmente tuffitiche.
      Age
      Cisuralian (= Early Permian) - Cisuralian (= Early Permian)
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Basalti Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      petrographic facies
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Cisuralian (= Early Permian) - Cisuralian (= Early Permian)
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • «Tufite basale» Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      petrographic facies
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Cisuralian (= Early Permian) - Cisuralian (= Early Permian)
      Thickness
      3 m a Poncia
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
  • Formazione di Manno Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Manno (TI), 5 km NW Lugano

    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Formation
    Status
    unknown status
    Valid name
    In Short
    Wechsellagerung von Konglomeraten und Sandsteinen, die als Komponenten Quarz, Glimmerschiefer, Gneiss und Granit führen. Anthrazitführende Tonschieferlagen treten seltener auf. Porphyrkomponenten fehlen vollständig.
    Age
    Pennsylvanian - Pennsylvanian
    Thickness
    100 m
    Geographical extent
    Viga und Caslano; zwischen Denti della Vecchia und Monte Grona N des Luganersees (Cimadera, Pairolo, Alpe Logone)
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Rocce magmatiche paleozoiche (metagraniti) Show details

    Origin of the Name
    -
    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Group
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    -
    Age
    Ordovician - Silurian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
    • Gneiss del San Bernardo Show details

      Origin of the Name

      Kirchhügel San Bernardo (TI) 5 km nördlich Lugano

      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Formation
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      Ortogneiss
      Age
      Ordovician - Silurian
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      Val Colla-Zone, Catena orobica östlich vom Comersee.
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Gneiss occhiadini leucocratici a mica bianca, microclino ed albite (blastomilonite) Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Formation
      Status
      unknown status
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Ordovician - Silurian
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Gneiss aplitici a feldspato alcalino Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Formation
      Status
      unknown status
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Ordovician - Silurian
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Gneiss plagioclasici a biotite Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Formation
      Status
      unknown status
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Ordovician - Silurian
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
  • Metasedimenti proterozoici e paleozoici (paragneiss e marmi) Show details

    Origin of the Name
    -
    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Group
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    -
    Age
    Ordovician - Silurian
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
    • Marmo Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      petrographic facies
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Proterozoic - Paleozoic
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Micascisti Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      petrographic facies
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Proterozoic - Paleozoic
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      Fogli Mendrisio
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Quarziti Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      petrographic facies
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Proterozoic - Paleozoic
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Gneiss dello/di Stabbiello Show details

      Origin of the Name

      Monte Stabbiello (Ti), auf dem Grenzkamm ca. 7 km SW Joriopass

      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Formation
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      Gneiss seritici scistosi, lenticolari, disordinamente pieghettati.
      Age
      Proterozoic - Paleozoic
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Gneiss cornubianitici Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Formation
      Status
      unknown status
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Proterozoic - Paleozoic
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Gneiss e scisti fortemente deformati Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Formation
      Status
      unknown status
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Proterozoic - Paleozoic
      Thickness
      Gneiss e scisti fortemente deformati
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Gneiss di Giumello Show details

      Origin of the Name

      Mottone di Giumello = Monte Albana (TI)

      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Formation
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      Gneiss a silicati di alumino.
      Age
      Proterozoic - Paleozoic
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Gneiss plagioclasici a biotite o a due miche Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Formation
      Status
      unknown status
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Proterozoic - Paleozoic
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Gneiss del Ceneri Show details

      Origin of the Name
      Monte Ceneri
      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Formation
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      Gneiss plagioclasici granulati a biotite, contenente +/- muscovite e granato, p.p. con inclusioni di calcefiro.
      Age
      Proterozoic - Paleozoic
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      Insubrische Seengebirges.
      Type area
      Sottoceneri
      Comment
      -
    • Gneiss a biotite, granato e sillimanite ("kinzigite"), rocce a granato e feldspato ("stronalite") Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      lithostratigraphic Formation
      Status
      unknown status
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Proterozoic - Paleozoic
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
      • "Stronalite" Show details

        Origin of the Name
        -
        Rank
        lithostratigraphic Member
        Status
        unknown status
        Valid name
        In Short
        -
        Age
        Proterozoic - Paleozoic
        Thickness
        -
        Geographical extent
        -
        Type area
        -
        Comment
        -
      • "Kinzigite" Show details

        Origin of the Name
        -
        Rank
        petrography
        Status
        unknown status
        Valid name
        In Short
        Polyzyklische high-grade Gneise der Ivrea-Verbano-Zone.
        Age
        Proterozoic - Paleozoic
        Thickness
        -
        Geographical extent
        -
        Type area
        -
        Comment
        -
  • Rocce mafiche ed ultramafiche proterozoiche e paleozoiche Show details

    Origin of the Name
    -
    Rank
    lithostratigraphic Group
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    -
    Age
    Proterozoic - Paleozoic
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
    • Metaperidotite Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      petrographic facies
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Proterozoic - Paleozoic
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Peridotite a flogopite Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      petrographic facies
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Proterozoic - Paleozoic
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Peridotite a ornblenda Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      petrographic facies
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Proterozoic - Paleozoic
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Eclogite e meta-eclogite Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      petrographic facies
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Proterozoic - Paleozoic
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Anfiboliti a grana grossa Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      petrographic facies
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Proterozoic - Paleozoic
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -
    • Anfiboliti a grana fine Show details

      Origin of the Name
      -
      Rank
      petrographic facies
      Status
      informal term
      Valid name
      In Short
      -
      Age
      Proterozoic - Paleozoic
      Thickness
      -
      Geographical extent
      -
      Type area
      -
      Comment
      -