Middle Pleistocene (781 ka)

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Representation and status

Index
-
CMYK Color
0 / 5 / 20 / 0
RGB color
R: 255 G: 242 B: 199
Rank
chronostratigraphic Stage
Validity
Unit is in Use
Status
valid formal name
SCS note
-
SCS date
-
Comment
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Nomenclature

German
Mittelpleistozän
French
Pléistocène moyen
Italian
Pleistocene medio
English
Middle Pleistocene (781 ka)
Origin of the Name
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Historical Variants
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Nomenclatorial Remarks
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Synonyms

Synonyms
Non-synonyms
Possible confusion

Description

Description
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Geomorphology
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Thickness
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Components

Lithological content
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Mineral content
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Fossil content
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Hierarchy and succession

Superordinate unit
Subordinate units
Units at roof
    -
Units at floor
Lateral equivalents
Upper boundary
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Lower boundary
The base of the Middle Pleistocene is defined at the Matuyama-Brunhes paleomagnetic reversal, around 0.78 Ma BP (Richmond 1996, Gibbard et al. 2004, Gibbard & Cohen 2008).
Stratigraphic discussion
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Age

Age at top
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Note about top
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Age at base
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Note about base
Onset of MIS-19
Dating method
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Geography

Geographical extent
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Type area
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Type locality
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Type profile
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Reference profiles
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Point of interest
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Paleogeography and tectonic

Paleogeography
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Kind of protolith
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Conditions of formation
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Sequence
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Tectonic Unit (resp. main category)
Time Scale
  • Paratethys
  • Mammal stages
Metamorphism
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Metamorphic facies
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Note on metamorphism
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References

Definition
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Revision
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Important publications
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Material and varia

Applications
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  • Saalian Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Named after the river Saale (Deutschland).

    Rank
    chronostratigraphy
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Terminal substage of the Middle Pleistocene of NW Europe, between Holsteinian and Eemian, characterised by cold climate (culminating in the Alpine region with the Riss glaciation).
    Age
    Middle Pleistocene - Middle Pleistocene
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Holsteinian Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Named after the Holstein region (N Germany).

    Rank
    chronostratigraphy
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Palynostratigraphic subdivision of the Middle Pleistocene (Ionian) of NW Europe, corresponding to MIS-11 and to the Mindel-Riss Interglacial.
    Age
    Middle Pleistocene - Middle Pleistocene
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Elsterian Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Named after the river Weisse Elster (E Germany), a tributary of the river Saale.

    Rank
    chronostratigraphy
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Substage of the Middle Pleistocene of NW Europe, corresponding to MIS-12 and characterised by a cold climate (culminating in the Alpine region with the Mindel glaciation).
    Age
    Middle Pleistocene - Middle Pleistocene
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    -
    Comment
    -
  • Cromerian Show details

    Origin of the Name

    Named after the East Anglian town of Cromer (UK).

    Rank
    chronostratigraphy
    Status
    informal term
    Valid name
    In Short
    Initial palynostratigraphic subdivision of the Middle Pleistocene («Ionian») of NW Europe, encompassing several glacial/interglacial cycles under a relatively mild climate (Günz-Mindel Interglacial).
    Age
    Middle Pleistocene - Middle Pleistocene
    Thickness
    -
    Geographical extent
    -
    Type area
    Eastern England (UK)
    Comment
    The earliest interglacial of the «Cromerian Complex» dates from the end of the Early Pleistocene.