Messinian (~7 Ma)

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Representation and status

Index
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CMYK Color
0/0/50/0
RGB color
R: 255 G: 255 B: 115
Rank
chronostratigraphic Stage
Validity
Unit is in Use
Status
valid formal name
SCS note
-
SCS date
-
Comment
During the Messinian Salinity Crisis the Mediterranean Sea went into a cycle of partly or nearly complete desiccation throughout the latter part of the Messinian (from 5.96 to 5.33 Ma) which ended with the Zanclean flood. Up to 3000 m thick evaporites were desposited in the deepest part of the basin.

Nomenclature

German
Messinien
French
Messinien
Italian
Messiniano
English
Messinian (~7 Ma)
Origin of the Name

Named after the town of Messina (Sicily, Italy).

Historical Variants
Messinien (Mayer-Eymar 1867), Messinium, Messin
Nomenclatorial Remarks
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Synonyms

Synonyms
Non-synonyms
Possible confusion

Description

Description
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Geomorphology
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Thickness
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Components

Lithological content
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Mineral content
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Fossil content
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Hierarchy and succession

Superordinate unit
Subordinate units
Units at roof
    -
Units at floor
Lateral equivalents
Upper boundary
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Lower boundary
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Stratigraphic discussion
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Age

Age at top
late Miocene
Note about top
top of the magnetic polarity zone C3Br.1r, near LAD Triquetrorhabdulus rugosus / FAD Ceratolithus acutus (calcareous nannoplancton)
Age at base
late Miocene
Note about base
FAD Globorotalia conomiozea (planctonic Foraminifera), approximately in the middle of the magnetic polarity zone C3Br.1r
Dating method
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Geography

Geographical extent
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Type area
Type locality
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Type profile
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Reference profiles
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Point of interest
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Paleogeography and tectonic

Paleogeography
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Kind of protolith
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Conditions of formation
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Sequence
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Tectonic Unit (resp. main category)
Time Scale
  • Paratethys
  • Mammal stages
Metamorphism
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Metamorphic facies
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Note on metamorphism
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References

Definition
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Revision
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Important publications
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Material and varia

Applications
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